~ Quad II C4–C6 Block Capacitor Replacement ~

New replacement Capacitors for the QUAD II PSU block capacitor C4 & C6 ~ Shown right are supplied with a grey powder coated cover to replicate the look of the original part

These "drop in" replacements fit directly in place of the original TCC 715525 16uF + 16uF 450V capacitor without cutting drilling glue or soldering and as shown fitted below they don't look out of place

Fitting is a simple DIY job requiring only a 1⁄4" or 6mm flat blade screwdriver and 4BA or M3.5 nut spinner or socket or small spanner ~ To fit the replacement using the original solder lugs remove only the top nut and washer from each terminal and fit the solder lugs then washers and nuts ~ All three connections should come from the wire loom in line but also check the continuity to from the terminal posts to the points marked around the choke as shown in the picture below ~ If you need solder lugs to fit the new parts please let me know
Inside the QUADII replacement capacitor assembly before the cover is fitted ~ Selected Low ESR 68µF 450V 105˚C electrolytic capacitors ~ 68µF for the P section C6 and 2 x 68µF for the E section C4 each bypassed with 4.7µF 630V polypropylene capacitors ~ The terminals are M3.5 brass bolts which are soldered to the PCB to provide good connections and to prevent them turning loose

The cost of a pair (2x) of replacement block capacitors at May 2017 remains at 94GBP including UK or EU postage and inc. worldwide postage is 100GBP

Output power of the QUAD II amplifier can be increased >20W by fitting larger power supply capacitors with increased peak power for better bass transients ~ Hum and residual noise improve to >100dB ~ The polypropylene bypass to both sections and the capacitor mounting method tend to give an improved sound reproduction from what is already a very good valve amplifier

Below ~ The QUAD II C4–C6 block capacitor replacement and also a replacement Tag board PCB update a QUAD II power amplifier giving it many more years of active service and improved performance ~ The folded cover supports the components on the PCB while providing good electrical and mechanical isolation ~ The back of the PCB is exposed and there is clearance to fit additional ceramic disc bypass capacitors if you wish

You may have read that there are limits to the value for C6 set by Mullard in their specification for the GZ32 ~ Most comments on this subject do not take into account that the current drawn by the QUAD II should be no more than 150mA (200mA maximum with QUAD 22 and tuners) ~ The GZ32 data is for 300mA @ 300~0~300 Vrms plus there is the impedance of the HT secondary the reflected primary load impedance in series with each GZ32 section

Although I was concerned about the rectifier dissipation I was more concerned about any increased loading on the more expensive Mains transformer but as it happens neither increases with C6 as high as 100µF and possibly greater ~ The GZ32 current waveforms have both an a.c. and d.c. component and it is the a.c. current or the ripple that increases as the value of C6 is increased but with new modern capacitors the d.c. leakage current is reduced

When C6 value is increased the d.c. HT voltage and current may increase slightly provided the QUAD II is otherwise okay ~ Any increase in GZ32 dissipation will be mainly due to a.c. current and should be seen as an increase in the mains input current which will place more load on the mains transformer ~ Measuring the mains input current is a good indicator but don't be surprised to find the input power is more than the 90W quoted in the handbook

For many years I have fitted high values for C6 and seen no significant increases in mains input current ~ In Europe the mains voltage can be as high as 253 Vrms and this simultaneously increases both the HT and the heater supplies which have a far greater effect reducing valve and the mains transformer life ~ Check the heater supply is not more than 6.7 Vrms if it is change the mains taps and also consider increasing the value of R12

If fitting my C4–C6 replacement increases the HT more than about 5% then the original block capacitor may have been faulty or there is another fault on the amplifier ~ With a good condition original C6 the there will be about 15–17 Vrms ripple on the HT supply to the KT66 anodes with no signal ~ If higher than about 20 Vrms then C6 may be low value or the KT66s are drawing to much current which can be checked by measuring voltage across R12

The other capacitor C4 can be made almost any value ~ My replacement block capacitors are supplied with 2 x 68µF 450V 105˚C electrolytics bypassed with 4.7µF 630V Polypropylene for C4 ~ If the QUAD II HT is more than 350V or R12 voltage (between V and GND at the choke) is more than 28V then consider increasing R12 to 220Ω to reduce the dissipation in the KT66s but also check for other faults before doing this

A "leaky" C2 and or C3 will increase the KT66 current due to positive grid voltage ~ This may be seen as a larger than normal voltage across R12 ~ With the original C2 C3 or other old paper in oil capacitors this effect may appear "weather dependant" as it varies with humidity and temperature and with time in use

The leakage can be checked in the amplifier by disconnecting the lead of C2 or C3 connected to pin 5 of the KT66 base and looking for a reduction in R12 d.c. voltage but take care not to disconnect the wire to pin 5 ~ If you measure a voltage between 0V GND and the open lead of C2 or C3 and you know the resistance of the meter you can calculate the leakage resistance

For those who really want to use the old original block capacitors I often have several to hand which are tested for capacitance and leakage but cannot be supplied with any long term guarantee ~ I also often have faulty block capacitors for sale

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